Medical / Dietary Needs
What you need to know
- High calcium levels can be found in individuals with Williams syndrome, usually in infancy. In some individuals this can recur in childhood or even adulthood.
- High calcium levels can also occur in the urine and cause kidney stones.
- Hypothyroidism, or low thyroid hormone levels, occurs at an increased frequency in Williams syndrome.
- Diabetes occurs more frequently in Williams syndrome.
- Ongoing evaluations by a cardiologist may be necessary in some children for monitoring.
- Most children with Williams syndrome do not require any special diet, but may be on a reduced calcium diet.
- A well-balanced diet and exercise is important to reduce the risk of diabetes.
- Gastroesophageal reflux may be present.
- Chronic constipation is common.
- Sensitivity to textures and tastes as well as poor motor control may make mealtimes challenging.
What you can do
- Be aware, or ask a parent, if the child has a medical alert bracelet.
- Talk with the parents about their child’s individual medical needs
- Alert the parents about any changes in activity level
- Alert the parents about any changes in bathroom or eating habits
- Screen vision and hearing regularly