- 50-90% of adolescents and adults meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (known as DSM-4) criteria for anxiety disorder, phobic disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or a combination.
- 65% of adolescents meet criteria for ADHD and about 1/2 of that group meet criteria for specific phobia.
- Can be challenging to sit still and concentrate on tasks for length of time
Auditory system challenges
- Very sensitive to sounds such as loud bangs, clapping, and laughter
- May become tense and fearful when hearing or anticipating sounds
Tactile system challenges
- May be sensitive to different textures
- Sensitivity can include textures in foods and may cause gagging.
- Preoccupation and fascination with objects and topics
- Unusual or restricted interests
Individuals with Williams syndrome often have significant sleep disturbance, including:
- sleep anxiety
- bedtime resistance
- increased sleep latency
- frequent night walking
This may lead to daytime sleepiness. It may be helpful to incorporate a nap or rest time in their schedule.
Phobias are common, especially those involving loud or sudden noises.
Other phobias may include:
- high places